Preliminary assessment of knee laxity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using bone patellar tendon bone and hamstring graft in Nepalese population

Authors

  • Chakra Raj Pandey, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rajiv Baral, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sunit Dahal, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sushil Sharma, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Aayush Bajracharya, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ram Thapa, MS Department of Orthopedics, Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keywords:

Knee laxity, Arthrometer

Abstract

Introduction
Laxity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is one of the troublesome problems lasting many years. Laxity can be tested by clinical and arthrometer preoperatively as well as postoperatively. The purpose of this study is to evaluate postoperative laxity in Nepalese population.

Materials & methods
This retrospective study was carried out in Grande International Hospital, Kathmandu. All cases which had completed six-months follow up and presented in outpatient department were included in the study. Laxity was tested by Karl Storz Arthrometer using anterior force in 20 degrees of knee flexion with maximum manual force by the same doctor. The statistical significance level was set at p=0.05. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 16.

Results
21 cases operated via arthroscopic method were eligible for the study. Mean age was 28.3±10.44. There were 14 (66.7%) male 7 (33.3%) female. A total of eight cases of laxity (36.36%) were identified - six males (75%) and two females (25%). Hamstring grafts accounted for three cases of laxity (37.5%) while BPTB accounted for five cases (62.5%). The mean follow-up was one and half years. Hamstring and bone patellar tendon bone graft were used in 6 (28.6%) and 15 (71.4%) cases respectively.

Conclusion
Previous studies have concluded that >3mm of laxity difference is associated with difficulties in vigorous activities. However, our patients were comfortable in their daily activities without significant clinical outcome.

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Published

2019-12-29